MED is a cross-border Living Lab network based on the Living Lab approach.

Living Labs can be defined as “a multi-stakeholder organization set-up to carry out innovation projects that follow the principles of open and user innovation and focus on real-life experimentation”[1]. The principles of the LL approach are:

  • Multi-method approaches

  • User engagement

  • Multi-stakeholder participation

  • Real life setting

  • Co-creation

As managed collaboration network, it features internal transparency and direct communication, where members collaborate and share knowledge directly with each other, without hierarchies, coming together with a shared vision. The network activities are intended to facilitate and achieve the objective to exchange best practices and lessons learned, requiring to set common tools, methods or even infrastructure to exchange comparable information in order to perform research in a similar way within the various living labs. In this way, partners of various living labs can conduct research on a larger scale cross-borderly, creating a higher impact on innovation[2]

[1]Living Lab Methodology Handbook. Available from: 
[2]Cross-Border Living Labs Networks to Support SMEs Accessing New Markets. Available from:


The Living Lab structure includes a strategic level and an operational Level. The strategic level, also called the Cross Border Living Lab, will gather partners of the project and stakeholders (external experts and companies) to collaborate and share knowledge directly with each other to propose and implement the most suitable innovative solutions in university Buildings. The operational level represents the physical living labs. In fact, the solutions proposed and validated within the Cross Border Living Lab will be implemented in University Buildings in three countries which are Tunisia, Italy and Palestine.

The governance structure is formed by three bodies:

– Cross-boarder Steering Committee (CSC)

– Cross-boarderCoordinationBoard (CCB)

– Local Management Boards (LMB)

  • Cross boarder Steering Committee

At the international and strategic level, the governance is structured in a Cross-Border Steering Committee, composed by researchers and external experts (1 memberexternal expert for each partners + 4 experts, two from northern Mediterranean countries and 2 from southern Mediterranean countries).

The CSC definesand approvesthe LL Action Plans, to set technical guidelines in order to manage:

– Pilots – Physical Place of local Living Lab: Services / Infrastructure /Tools / Technologies / Instrument / Monitoring tools and protocol

– Best practice & technologies: analysis/Training path /seminar &workshop/ best passive renovation solutions / technological solutions /innovative scenarios / measures

– Digital Twin of Living Lab (if developed): Digital model of the LL space to create virtual scenarios of solutions and performances, energy modelling, IOT data management and behaviour evaluation

  • Cross boarder Coordination Board

The cross-boarder coordination board is the executive body of the MCbLL in charge of providing coordination and assistance as necessary among the various parties in the implementation of the LL action Plans.

The coordination board is composed by researchers and experts belonging to the partner organisations (2 members from Mediterranean European countries + 2 members from Mediterranean Partner countries).

This coordinator board is led by a cross-boarder coordinator.

  • Local Management Boards

At the local and operational level, the MCbLL is managed by the various local management boards as a living lab. The management regards both the physical place of the LLL (services, infrastructures, tools, technologies, sensors, monitoring tools and protocol), and – eventually – its digital twin (the digital model of the LL space to create virtual scenarios of solutions and performances, IOT data management and behaviour evaluation).

Local Living Labs will use a quasi-experimental approach, which includes a pre-measurement, an intervention and apost-measurement, where the intervention is equalled to the real-life experiment. Following the above reasoning, we can distinguish three main building blocks within Living Lab projects, following the innovation development phases:

– Exploration: getting to know the ‘current state’ and designing possible ‘future states’

– Experimentation: real-life testing of one or more proposed ‘future states’

– Evaluation: assessing the impact of the experiment with regards to the ‘current state’ in order to iterate the ‘future state’.